-Monrovia Communiqué of the High Level Panel, February 1, 2013
The eight MDGs were formulated under UN millennium declaration in 2000 by world leaders of 191 UN member countries. The MDGs are commended for raising the ‘profile of poverty and development’ issues, and chart a path forward for action. Taking 1990 as the base year it fixed some targets under each MDG to be achieved by 2015, a year hence. The time since has seen the fastest reduction in poverty in human history: there are half a billion fewer people living below an international poverty line of $1.25 a day. The child mortality has reduced by 48% and the maternal mortality by 45% between 1990 and 2013. Deaths from malaria have fallen by one quarter. This spectacular progress has been achieved by a combination of economic growth, better policies, and the global commitment to the MDGs by the governments all over the world.